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Adi Guru Shankaracharya: The spirit of faith and oneness

                Adi Guru Shankaracharya

Adi Guru Shankaracharya was a spiritual leader and a philosopher who amalgamated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta. He is also known as Jagatguru Adi Shankaracharya. Adi Shankaracharya was born in a poor Nambudiri Brahmin family in a village called Kaladi in the southern part of India nowadays Kerala. According to the Hindu Panchang, the birth anniversary of Adi Guru Shankaracharya is celebrated on the Panchami Tithi during Shukla Paksha of Vaishakha month but the year of the birth is yet very contradictory due to several different beliefs. 


Adi Guru Shankaracharya’s parents were the childless couple and prayed to Lord Shiva for the child. It is also believed that Lord Shiva came in front of his father and as a result of that they got blessed with a Child. Some ancient beliefs also concluded that Lord Shiva took the avatar (Incarnation) on earth as Adi Guru Shankaracharya. 

 

The attraction towards the Sannyas and education:


It is mentioned in the theories that Adi Guru Shankaracharya was attracted to live the life of Sannyasi (hermit) since the early childhood days but, his mother couldn’t allow him towards this direction as she wants his son to live life as a householder. The Shankaracharya's mother took a vow from him that he will not talk about becoming Sannyasi. 


On the day when young Shankaracharya and his mother at a River Sivataraka for holy bathe, where he caught by the crocodile. The young Sankaracharya urged her mother to permit him to become Sannyasi otherwise that crocodile will eat him and as a result that her mother frees him from the promise. 


The young Shankaracharya freed and leave home and started his journey in attaining the sacred belief. Shankaracharya became the disciple of teacher Govind Bhagavatpada. It is also said that Shakaraacharya at the young age of 7 became a scholar of Vedas and finalized his writing at the age of 16.

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Works of Adi Guru Shankaracharya:    


Adi Shankaracharya traveled throughout the country barefoot to propagate his views and ideas through debates with other religious thinkers. The view upon Hinduism and ideas of the amendment on the prior policy by saying Hinduism is the sacred religion which talks about the “Atman” the pure soul.


Shankaracharya works on the foundation of the Advaita Vedanta school of Hinduism through his commentaries (Bhasyas) and emphasizes the works from which the main currents of Modern India are derived. The masterpiece commentary by the Shankaracharya was Brahma Sutra and on ten Mukhya (principles) Upanishads. He even made commentaries on the Bhagwat Gita on the part of Prasthana Trayi and his tertiary notes on the commentary of Vedavyasa on Yogasutra’s are also very famous work. He also works on the different Stotra’s like Daksinamurti Stotra and the Sivanandalahari Stotra and many more are also considered as the famous poet works of Sankaracharya.


The works on the seventy-six scriptures are also accredited to the Sankaracharya and his visionary beliefs. It is also said that he had also worked on the Upadesasahasri the most important philosophical work of Adi Guru Shankaracharya.

Sankaracharya made several Mathas (Monasteries) while confronting several orthodox Hindu communities and even confronted policies of other religions such as Buddhism and Jainism. 

The four major Matha’s made under his guidance and hold by his followers were: 

  • Puri Govardhanmatha Pritham (East) holds by Padmapada which was based on Rig Veda with a Mahavakya of “Prajnanam Brahma” (Consciousness is Brahman) and was located at Puri, Odisha.
  • Sringeri Sarada Pitham (south) holds by Suresvara which was based on Yajur Veda with a Mahavakya of “Aham Bhrahmasmi” (I am Brahman) located at Sringeri Chikkamagaluru, Karnataka 
  • Dvaraka Sarada Pritham (West) holds by the Hastamalakacarya which was based on the Sama Veda with the Mahavakya Tattvamasi (That Thou Art) and is located in Dwarka, Devbhumi Dwarka, Gujarat.
  • Badari Jyotirmatha Pritham (North) holds by the Totakacarya which was based on Atharva Veda with the Ayamatma Brahma (This Atman is Brahman) and is located at the Jyotirmatha, Chamoli, Uttarakhand.

 

Death:


Adi Guru Shankaracharya died at the age of 32 or 33 at Kedarnath. He was seen last time while going behind the Kedarnath temple towards the Himalayas by his disciple. Some studies show that he died in the southern states near his village in Kerala.

 

Therefore, the invincibility and innovative instinct of Hinduism is discovered by the theories of Adi Guru Shankaracharya. He is the spirit of religion and directed in making people aware of the Dharma only at the age of 32. He made several devotees of him due to his hardcore practice in pursuing the real nature of religion by moving ahead of desires and anger. 


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