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COVID-19: Analysis Myths and Facts on the Basic of Science


COVID-19 Treatment and Prevention Myths: Know it here

COVID-19
Gerd Altmann from Pixabay 



Everyone is well aware that the virus is spreading all over the world. Many people died due to this virus In this state of panic, people have many wrong or correct information spreading in society. "Knowledge is not always the most effective antidote to anxiety, but it certainly helps," says Dr. Rajesh Parikh, director of medical research at Jaslok Hospital in Mumbai and author of the vaccine book for COVID-19. With this guiding idea in mind, we found medical experts from various fields to decode the available vaccines in India and dispel myths about their acceptance.

There are a lot of Myths spreading about the Covid-19 vaccine. In this article, we have clarified the facts and myths about Covid-19.

MYTHS VS FACTS

Mosquitoes can act as carriers of coronavirus

Apart from air and infected surface, no other transmitters of Covid-19 are known. Practicing strict personal hygiene can help you stay safe.

 The Death rate due to Covid-19 is high

According to a report released by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, about 2.3% of infected people are known to die from Covid-19.

Wearing a surgical mask can prevent you from getting caught by the virus

There is no scientific evidence to claim that the mask can prevent you from catching the Covid-19. However, they can help prevent infection from spreading to an infected person if he or she uses a mask. This will prevent any droplets from their mouth or nose from spreading on other surfaces when coughing or sneezing. As a general practice, it is good to wear a mask when attending suspicious social gatherings.

The side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine are dangerous

Pfizer and modern COVID-19 vaccines may have side effects, but the vast majority are very short-lived - not severe or dangerous. Vaccine developers report that some people experience pain where they were injected; body pain; Headache or fever, lasting for a day or two. These are signs that the vaccine is working to stimulate your immune system. If symptoms persist for more than two days, you should call your doctor.

If you have an allergy - particularly severe ones that require you to take Epipen - discuss the COVID-19 vaccine with your doctor, which can assess your risk and provide more information about What and how you can get vaccinated safely.

The COVID-19 vaccine enters your cells and replaces your DNA

COVID-19 vaccines are designed to help your body's immune system fight coronaviruses. Messenger RNA from two of the first type of COVID-19 vaccines enters cells, but not in the nucleus of cells where DNA resides. The mRNA does its job to stimulate the immune system to make the cell a protein, and then it breaks down quickly without affecting your DNA.

The COVID-19 vaccine can affect women's fertility

The COVID-19 vaccine will not affect fertility. The truth is that the COVID-19 vaccine encourages the body to make copies of the spike protein found on the surface of the coronavirus. It "teaches" the body's immune system to fight the virus on which it carries specific spike proteins.

Confusion arose when a false report surfaced on social media stating that the spike protein on this coronavirus was similar to another spike protein called syncytin-1 that is involved in the development and attachment of the placenta during pregnancy. The false report states that a woman's body will fight this different spike protein after the COVID-19 vaccine is found and will affect her fertility. The two spike proteins are completely separate and distinct, and receiving the COVID-19 vaccine will not affect the fertility of women seeking to become pregnant, including through in vitro fertilization methods. During the Pfizer vaccine trials, the 23 female volunteers involved in the study became pregnant, and only one who suffered pregnancy loss had not received the actual vaccine but had received a placebo.

On the other hand, having COVID-19 can have potentially serious effects on pregnancy and the mother's health. Learn more about coronavirus and pregnancy. Johns Hopkins Medicine encourages women to reach out to their medical providers to discuss other questions about COVID-19 as it relates to fertility or pregnancy.

Once I get the COVID-19 vaccine, I don't have to worry about social distancing and wearing masks

Even after being vaccinated with COVID-19, you will need to take proper precautions, including wearing masks and staying at least six feet away from others. While the vaccine will help prevent moderate to severe COVID-19 infections, it does not prevent the virus from entering your body, and you may still be able to carry the virus and pass it on to others.

Heat is anti-coronavirus

Taking a hot bath for the prevention of this infection will be of no use. There is no guaranteed evidence of any temperature change that may help mitigate the virus. However, drinking lukewarm water at regular intervals can help keep the flu away.

Effective Tips for Prevention of Covid-19

There are steps by which you can reduce the risk of infection. When possible, obtain a COVID-19 vaccine. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) also recommend following these precautions to avoid COVID-19:

  • Avoid close contact (within about 6 feet or 2 meters) with anyone who is ill or with symptoms.
  • Maintain distance between you and others (within about 6 feet or 2 meters), especially if COVID-19 is spreading in your community, especially if you have a high risk of serious illness. Keep in mind that some people may have COVID-19 and may spread it to others, even if they do not have symptoms.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
  • Indoor public places and outdoors where there is a high risk of COVID-19 transmissions, such as wearing a face mask in a crowded event. Further mask guidance depends on whether you have been fully vaccinated or not. Surgical masks may be used if available. N95 respirators must be reserved for health care providers.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with your elbow or tissue while coughing or sneezing. Throw away the used tissue and wash your hands or use a hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • If you are ill, avoid sharing dishes, glasses, bedding, and other household items.
  • Clean and disinfect high-touch surfaces daily.
  • If you are ill, stay home from work, school, and public areas, unless you are going to receive medical care. Avoid taking public transport if you are ill.

How scientists look at these myths and how do they verify these myths?

Dr. Sylvie Brand:

Yes, sure The problem with the scientific process is that it is a long process because in the beginning you have a hypothesis and you wonder "maybe this product or this drug can work and cure this new disease". But then you have to implement the study. There are different places to test whether it works or not. And so, it is the scientific process that in the end, enables you to give evidence. But it takes time. Before you can, you need to test the hypothesis on many people to get definite results. Therefore, until all studies are done, we cannot say that there is evidence. And currently, with COVID-19, it was a new disease only a few months ago, so the study is on. But as I said, it takes time. So, some studies are finished and they get results. Therefore, the results are indeed interesting, but before there are conclusions or definitive answers, we need to see what the results of other studies are and make sure that all studies conclude the same thing.




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