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Vegetarians have Healthier Disease Markers than NonVegetarians Study shows

 

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 A new study on 1,66,000 adults showed that vegetarians have a healthier biomarker profile compared to meat eaters. It also showed that smoking and alcohol consumption do not affect biomarkers.


Vegetarians appear to have a healthier biomarker than meat eaters, and this applies to adults of any age and weight, and does not interfere with smoking and alcohol consumption, according to a new study of 166,000 UK adults present in Europe week Congress on Obesity (ECO) ), held online this year.

Biomarkers can have negative and positive health effects, promote or prevent cancer, cardiovascular disease, and other chronic conditions, and are widely used to assess the impact of food on health. However, the evidence for the physical benefits associated with vegetarianism is not clear.

To understand that food choices can make a difference in the levels of disease in blood, researchers from the University of Glasgow conducted a cross-sectional study analyzing data from 177,723 healthy participants (ages 37-73) in the UK Biobank study, which reported no major changes. on food five years ago.

Participants were classified as vegetarians (do not eat red meat, poultry or fish; 4,111 participants) or vegetarians (166,516 participants) according to their food reporting. Researchers tested interactions with 19 blood and blood-related biomarkers, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, liver,  and joint health, and kidney function.

Even after counting the factors that could affect age, Gender, education, race, obesity, smoking, and alcohol consumption, the analysis found that compared with vegetarians, vegetarians had significantly lower levels of 13 biomarkers, including:

Total cholesterol; low cholesterol (LDL) - so-called bad cholesterol; apolipoprotein A (linked to heart disease), apolipoprotein B (linked to heart disease); gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) and alanine aminotransferase (AST) - symptoms of liver function that indicate inflammation or damage to cells; insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1; a hormone that promotes the growth and proliferation of cancer cells); stop; amount of protein; and creatinine (a marker of kidney failure).

However, vegetarians had low levels of helpful biomarkers including high-density lipoprotein 'good' (HDL) cholesterol, vitamin D and calcium (linked to joint health). In addition, they had very high levels of fat (triglycerides) in the blood and cystatin-C (which raises the kidney condition).

No link was found for blood sugar levels (HbA1c), systolic blood pressure, aspartate aminotransferase (AST; liver cell damage marker) or C-active protein (CRP; inflammatory marker).

"Our findings provide real food for thought," said Dr. Carlos Celis-Morales of the University of Glasgow, UK, who led the study.

"Apart from eating red and processed meat that has been linked to heart disease and other cancers, vegetarians tend to eat more vegetables, fruits and nuts that contain nutrients, fiber, and other nutrients that can help. and chronic diseases. "

Although their study was extensive, the authors point out that it was observation, so no conclusions can be reached about the exact cause and effect. They also see several limitations: they only tested biomarker samples with each participant, and biomarkers may change depending on non-food-related factors, such as existing diseases and unbalanced lifestyle. They also noted that they relied on participants to report the food they ate using frequent, often unreliable dietary questions.

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