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Ram Prasad Bismil: The Epitome of Friendship and Patriotism

Ram Prasad Bismil

"Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna ab hamare dil mein hai, dekhna hai jor kitna baazu-e-katil mein hai"

                                          :- Ram Prasad Bismil

Pandita Ram Prasad Bismil was an Indian Revolutionary patriot and a renowned poet of Hindi and Urdu language. Bismil was born on June 11, 1897, in a middle-class Brahmin Family of Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh, to Murlidhar (Municipality officer) and Moolmati. The earning of his father was not enough to sustain the family, so he stopped his schooling after the eighth standard. Later, he became a strict follower of Arya Samaj from his childhood.

Ram Prasad Bismil is included in one of the most notable revolutionaries of the Indian Independence Movement. Bismil received this feeling of Patriotism and a desire of attaining freedom and let people smell in the free air from Arya Samaj and the death sentence of Indian Revolutionary Bhai Parmanand (An Arya Samaj Activist). Bismil was only 18 years of age when he wrote his first poem, “Mera Janm”, to express his anger and condolences to the Indian Revolutionaries who lost their lives while fighting strong British forces for Independence. 

Bismil’s name was engraved into the books and list of prominent freedom fighters of Independence struggle after he participated in Mainpuri Conspiracy in 1918 and Kakori Conspiracy in 1925 Ashfaqulla Khan.

The Symbol of Friendship:

Ram Prasad Bismil and Ashfaqulla Khan are better known for their Friendship as they both were close companions in Independence Struggle and Poetry attractions. During early times, Ashfaqulla Khan considers himself obedient and a fan of Ram Prasad Bismil and got inspired to fight for the country’s Independence through his poems and spirit of Patriotism. As a consequence of that he joined HRA (Hindustan Republican Association), led by Bismil at those times. 

Bismil belongs to Brahmin Family, whereas Ashfaqulla belongs to a Muslim family, but the bond between them was much more than real brothers; this depicts their ideology promoting the true essence of Secularism and love for the country. Their keen interest was in poetry and was recognized as the main attraction during poetry functions. Bismil and Ashfaqulla both use to publish their works of Poetry on Independence and Patriotism through Radio and Newspapers. 

Ashfaqulla Khan and Ram Prasad Bismil were both hanged on the same date of December 17, 1927, for committing the Kakori Train Robbery. They both had a Common vision of Free and United India by making Hindu and Muslim ones.

In the end, both sacrificed their lives on the same day, having a smile on their faces. The Fantasy films and Mythological stories of Dharm-Veer, Jai-Veru and Sonu-Titu have no such impact as the “Bismil-Ashfaq” friendship. Their Friendship is still immortal with a noble view of the country’s Independence and Patriotism.

Patriotic Writing and Literacy Work:

Bismil was educated till the eighth class standard due to the lack of sufficient wealth of the family. However, Bismil was well versed in the Hindi and Urdu language. His writings and poems are famous all over Indian territory. His Patriotic journals and poems started trending all over the country and spread the feeling of attaining Independence and Patriotism. His one of the most famous poem was ‘Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna’ and a song ‘Mera Rang De Basanti Chola’ while residing in the Lucknow Jail.

Bismil published his first poem at the age of 18 that was ‘Mera Janm’. At the time of the Mainpuri Conspiracy, he vows ‘Mainpuri ki Pratigya’ through ‘Deshvashiyo Ke Naam Sandesh’. He was also known for translating several Bengali books, which includes Bolshevikon Ki Kartoot and Yogic Sadhan. He also generated the collection of poems through Man Ki Lahar and Swadeshi Rang. Bismil has also written his autobiography while residing in Gorakhpur Jail for committing Kakori Conspiracy and was published under the title of ‘Kakori ke Shaheed’ by Ganesh Shankar Vidhyarthi in 1928. 

Revolutionary Career of Ram Prasad Bismil:

Bismil became active in the revolutionary activities firstly through his poem and writing work against British Empire. Bismil firstly formed the Matrivedi revolutionary organization with his school teacher Genda Lal Dixit and Somdev. 

Through his influential contacts with the dacoits of the State, Dixit organized them collectively and formed another organization called Shivaji Samiti. Bismil and Dixit stated strengthening their respective organizations by arranging crowd from other prominent nearby districts. 


Mainpuri Conspiracy:

The organizations created by Bismil and Dixit needed money or the weapon to strengthen their campaign further. So Ram Prasad Bismil published a Pamphlet naming it Deshvashiyo Ke Naam Sandesh (A message for the Countrymen), which he attached with his poem “Mainpuri ki Pratigya” the poem reflects arranging the funds for their organization.

Bismil and Dixit, with their team, undertook robbery on the three occasions in 1918 to strengthen their organization with some funds and weapons. However, the British Guards searched for them while the search Bismil escaped with the unsold books and jumped into the river Yamuna to save himself, whereas Dixit got arrested and taken to Agra fort.

Kakori Conspiracy: 

Bismil with Ashfaqulla Khan and other prominent revolutionaries of the HRA participated in the dacoit held at Kakori station near Lucknow, UP, on August 9, 1925. The Conspiracy was planned and executed by Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqulla Khan, Rajendra Lahiri, Chandrashekhar Azad, Sachindra Bakshi, Keshab Chakravarthy, Manmathnath Gupta, Mukundi Lal (Mukundi Lal Gupta), Banwari Lal and Murari Lal Gupta.

The Conspiracy executed by stopping the 8 Down Saharanpur-Lucknow train at Kakori Station with the motive of looting the treasury (Cash put in the Guard’s Cabin of ₹8,000) carried by the British officers to their British Government’s treasury which initially belonged to innocent Indians.

One of the HRA Revolutionary Manmathnath Gupta unintentionally kills the Lawyer Ahmad Ali, a passenger on the Train, but British forces called it a manslaughter case. During the Conspiracy, only ten revolutionaries participated in the Kakori Conspiracy but, the British Government arrested 40 revolutionaries related to the HRA and its members.

The British prejudiced Court gives death sentence to Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqulla Khan, Roshan Singh and Rajendra Nath Lahiri in the Kakori case.

In the wake of the Court's decision, there is mass movement and protests held all over the country in support of Ram Prasad Bismil and other revolutionaries. Over the night, this decision made Ram Prasad Bismil a hero of the Independence struggle and generated anger among common people.


Ram Prasad Bismil was hanged till death on the Court's orders on December 19, 1927, in Gorakhpur Jail. It is said that when he was asked about his last wish, he said, ‘I want Downfall of British Empire’ with that he kissed the Hanging noose and died smiling at the age of 30.

On the same day, his friend Ashfaqulla Khan and Roshan Singh were also hanged.

Therefore, remembering Ram Prasad Bismil depicts that we have our spirit for the country still alive. The story of Pandita Ram Prasad Bismil teaches us about the love for the country and the true essence of Friendship.

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